악기를 만든다는 것 (Making musical instrument): SeokHee An at TEDxBusan


The story that I want to share with you all today is a story about musical instruments What comes to mind when you think about musical instruments? Something like this? Or something like this? Or something more like this? Every object has it’s own sound. If we find that sound and play then it becomes a musical instrument. For example, the stage on which I stand Can be a percussion instrument making rhythm like this. What kind of sound will this banner make? Yes, we can make this sound. What is the sound of TED? Well, by finding all of the diverse sounds we can make a musical instrument Also, we can make sounds by hitting our bodies. [Claps] Well, if we think this way then anything can be a musical instrument Now, try hitting the armrest that you are holding with your hand And you can also hit your body to hear what kind of sound it makes. That’s enough to entertain yourself. Making an instrument is about finding the sound it makes. The thing that I’ve learnt from NoRiDan was like finding the path to the sounds and to making musical instruments. Please be quiet for a moment. [SILENCE] What sounds can you hear? I think these sounds can also be part of a musical instrument. Well, I liked music a lot, so I wanted to make music. Then also as you saw in the video that we saw before One guy did something for Mexico and the pretty soprano sisters I also had a similar idea But, more importantly I love what I do and seeing others moved by what I enjoy in turn makes me very happy. Therefore, even though I liked playing music and singing I wanted to write a wonderful song But, my peers usually told me you will find that way very difficult But this made me more motivated. Sometimes the doubts can play an important factor in building yourself. I met a wide range of people through my musical career When they come in contact with music They usually tell me three things. “I am tone deaf, beat deaf” or “I don’t have the talent.” People told me that But, I disagree. Why would they say such things? Well, there will be many reasons Perhaps they have some serious trauma regarding music in the past they tried to do something but failed or something like that That’s what I thought. So, I said, “let’s enjoy music together in various ways” But it didn’t work well. So if I make a simpler, and better song and nicer song, then the problem will be solved. So I spent a few years thinking like that, but still the people could not enjoy music enough or it was difficult to enjoy. So with this in mind I lived for a long time I’ve found the answer when I started making instruments in NoRiDan These are musical instruments which were made by NoRiDan using recycled materials and everyday things. As you can see this is quite peculiar People come and ask, “What’s this?” Then, I say, “This is a musical instrument”Then, I say, “This is a musical instrument” When I explain that, people usually don’t believe that Just listen to the sounds that we make with our musical instruments. For instance, they have this sound People remark, “Oh! This instrument can make that sound?” Yes, they can make a very tranquil sound. People come and ask when they see that instrument how can they play that instrument. Then I say the magic words, “here you are” “You cannot break it how hard you hit it” “Or if it breaks it can be fixed easily” When I say this their attitude flips 180˚ They play the instrument without hesitation They even enjoy playing in suits like this At that moment I realized that making good music and good songs are not that important. The most important thing is to create an atmosphere in which people can enjoy music. When we get rid of all distractions, everybody can enjoy music. So I thought deeply about my old way of thinking about making only good songs. Similarly, if we get rid of all distractions then people enjoy music as part of their lives. Since realising that I have been making musical instruments. Just like that with this musical instrument I realised how people can meet others. Making musical instruments is not a simple process. It needs a lot of trial and error. It is a very demanding job that requires a great deal of effort. We remind ourselves that when it is finished we will get great pleasure from playing it that’s all we think about When we are making an instrument, the first rule is that anyone should be able to enjoy the instrument. So today, I brought some musical instruments this is called a ‘HaPoom’. As you can see this is a Coca-Cola bottle, we put a valve on it. This is a used car valve which can be picked up for free in a car repair store With the valve we can control the air flow and the sound pitch. Let’s listen. They make a sound like this or it can make a sound when we shake it It can also be played like this [APPLAUSE] With this musical instrument, many people feel very happy. I met them. Maybe other people can play it better, somebody could play something really cool. People tell you not to play with your food, but I made this with carrot. I call it a carrot flute I really had fun playing that then I washed it and made a curry. Now, it is not only our thinking, But similarly. In Australia some artists made program called “Art of Food” that can give us new ideas this person came to us and taught us So thinking like this I see that every object can make a sound, so I wonder what sound the things that I see will make. So I collect things and think about how to make a simple pipe like those kind of instruments. Even though it is difficult to play because it is very long Has anybody ever tried to blow into a bottle to make music? When you blow like this you can make a light humming like a ships horn. I know someone who can play the bottle amazingly. Let’s watch this clip and enjoy. Let’s have a round of applause. He is called Michelle Lantier and comes from France, he really loves making this kind of performance. As you can see, he put the bottles in a line and tuned them to scale. Then played music by skating past them with a stick on his rollerblade. The world is very large and there are many people who think of very interesting ideas. There is one more thing that motivates me. “Howl’s Moving Castle” [a Japanese animated movie] It would be a very interesting project to try and make an instrument that can walk on it’s own rather than one that needs a person to move it but I realised that it may be beyond our current skills. In Eastern Asia there is a vehicle that is called a “Rickshaw” with this as an influence we created a musical instrument on a rickshaw and performed with many people together as an orchestra. So sometimes we go abroad and enjoy music with foreigners. When we were in Hong Kong we added a long tail and used it a lot but it was too difficult because everybody was playing there own thing so we decided to work together to play the instruments The thing you can see here is called “a Sprocket” this is the name given to a cogwheel it means that all the instruments are connected by the cogs. so we play the drums hanging up there it was great fun and it was also great fun making the instrument however, the process of making the instrument was not easy we started by disassembling an old motorbike and then we welded parts together and we made the instrument with this process this is the finished instrument so we look very proud in this picture This is from the POSCO advertisements After finishing this, we thought about using human pedal power. There are many unclaimed bikes in the lost and found centers so we decided to make an instrument from bicycles. So we made the instrument and played the instrument by pedalling To make this instrument we cut bikes and welded them together And this is the final result which looks very cool but we put a lot of effort into it’s making you might be very curious people are playing with two hands So how does it steer the secret is the people’s hips moving hips left steers the instrument to the left. If you look at the bottom, you can see that this is connected It took two weeks to create that So how can it be steered with two hands? This problem took some time to solve. When someone said let’s tell a story with this instrument, everybody agreed, saying that’s a very cool idea. But we worried about how to do this because everybody knew that we would need to put in a lot of effort. Finally we completed the project which we called “A Whale’s Dream” We were inspired by some Korean folk tales We put the whale on the sprocket that I showed you earlier. We also needed a terrapin, so we also made a model like terrapin. As you can see, in this picture taken in Hong Kong the top two people are waving elegantly, but at the bottom we are working hard to play the instrument and to move the contraption as you can guess. Do you know what the eye in the middle is? That is the top of a beer bottle. We cut the top off each beer bottle and made the pupil. Next, we cut the used CD to make the teeth. Next was the octopus. for this we needed egg shells to detail the legs and body. it was totally handmade we tied everything together using old clothes this took 20 people one week to complete before we went to Hong Kong In addition, things became more difficult because we were being followed by a documentary film crew this is the reason for this facial expression or on some occasions this happy smiling face was the result one of the best parts of a performance is when we meet the audience we forget all the difficulties we face at the beginning while we were playing we forget the troubles and we think about what we should do next. This is the work we had this year. This is like a ride from an amusement park. We got inspiration from looking at the carousel with a crane people can go up to the top. When someone mentioned using a crane, I was surprised. Because if someone mentioned that, then we had to do it. This picture shows our performance in front of Hong Ik university for the victims of the Japanese earthquake the original idea was to make a spaceship. So we thought that it would be very cool to use it with a crane. It is more cool, but very difficult. We had many hardships trying to find all the materials to make this we even had to visit scrapyards to find some items Then why did we do that? “Why don’t we just use existing musical instruments?” people always asked “why do we do this?” I asked the performers the answer is the process of making the musical instrument is a way to understand the musical instrument so there is a harmony between the instrument and the artist I also joined the project to make an instrument for 40 days but I worked for 30 days and only played the instrument 3 or 4 times. So the reason the performance was success because I understood the instrument so I knew how to hit and how to control. So I’ve come to enjoy creating things. As I made musical instrument, I also build houses. Then we made a playground. So this also can be a part of our business. This is SooEe. 19 years old. Her name is Kwon JungYeon She is holding an angle grinder this is a very dangerous tool it can be used to cut or grind surfaces once she cut the metal and told me “that the world is not changing is a lie. I realised that with proper tools and my effort, everything can be changed.” She was 19 when she said this. When I heard that, I thought I was just making instrument. But she said this. So I realized it was not only making something but also a way to find myself. We made the instrument because it is fun, but on the other hand we did it to enjoy our time together. And children, previous speaker told about them. We make instruments for children or to make the elderly happy. This is my favorite saying. (You are the flute when you are working) Musical instruments do more than just create sound. They also create resonance. When many people share these resonance then perhaps the world can be changed. Now NoRiDan, -I’m not sure if I should mention this here- NoRiDan plans to open a chapter in Busan. So I and the team manager are looking for residents, so here we have some young people and we are recruiting people to play with us. At the after party, please let us know if you would like to participate Anyway, I want to spread the resonance and see people live in harmony Thank you very much