Passé composé ou imparfait en français ?


Hello how are you ? So, today
we will have a look at a very important grammatical aspect. But before we begin, I want to tell you something. I receive messages sometimes from students who tell me, “Pierre, it’s too difficult, I cannot, I
will not be able to learn French, etc. “. So I wanted to tell you that this is
not true, that you can learn French, you’re super strong, you’re going to succeed,
that you’re the best, and that you should you keep your motivation, because you are completely capable. Here. So, now, yes, we are able
to learn our grammar rule. Let’s go ! Okay, so now that you’re positive, huh, you’re sure of yourself, here we go. So I remind you: there are subtitles of the video in French. Not auto-generated subtitles, the subtitles
that I put up myself, huh, or people who help me, uh … so you have to activate them if they are not enabled. Huh? Okay ?
So we shall see the passé composé and the imperfect. Or, said another way, when must we use the passé composé and when do you have to use the imperfect? So there I put … a student who … asks the question, like: “Paul entered
when I was watching TV “So Paul has entered: passé composé; when I
watching TV: imperfect. So we will always use red
for the passé composé and blue for imperfect in this lesson. So why? Why passé composé
and after imperfect? So, first, a little reminder, but very fast because maybe I will make a video on the formation of the passé composé and imperfect, but today it is the use that interests us. So, a reminder of the formation: the passé composé is formed with an auxiliary which can be ÊTRE or AVOIR, which we conjugate in the present + the past participle. So for example: Je am (suis, auxiliary)
gone (parti, past participle). Or: My neighbor has (auxiliary avoir in the present)
moved (déménagé, past participle of the verb déménager (to move) And the imperfect, well,
it is not a compound tense, so it is not formed in two parts, but we must just know, well, the formation and the endings. So, for example, for the verb love: I loved,
you loved, he loved, we loved, you loved, they loved. Okay ? A-I-E-N-T is pronounced [ε] / [e]. Here we go. So, here is the most important rule. The passé composé is used when it is
the main action, a specific action, timely and complete. It is a general rule, there may be …it
… it must be … maybe a little flexible, but still, in general, that’s it. Okay? We will immediately compare
with the imperfect. The imperfect, we are going to use it to describe … for the decor, to describe, the decor, the description, to talk about habits, for an action that is not necessarily completed. It is often used with expressions
such as: BEFORE, “before, we were …”; WHEN, ” when I was little ” ; AT THIS
TIME, “at that time, we were happy “.
Come on, we will see examples, it is the best way to understand. So, for example: “When I was little,
I spent my summers in Arcachon “. And that’s true, I spent my summers in Archchon, it is next to Bordeaux. It’s very pretty, that’s where the Dune Pila is. I can tell you that the Dune of Pila, I
have climbed very often! I advise you to go, it’s super pretty. So “when I was little, I spent
my summers in Arcachon “. Well yes, it is something general, it’s not a once-off action, it is … Well, I describe what happened when I was little. There when I was younger. Okay? So then, I am for
example in the company at the office and I say: “Has Mary left? “. So there,
it is a specific action, she has left, it doesn’t last long, it’s …she has left or she has not left, in addition, this is the main action. Good. “Yesterday, I saw a great video on YouTube! It was about the passé composé and the imperfect! “. So that, that’s what you’re gonna say,
I hope, after this video, right? Or that’s what you will say to other … students in your academy or at your school or to your teacher. So: “Yesterday I saw a video.” But
yes, that’s the main action, it is an action that we consider as a punctual fact alright? “And it was about the passé composé. ” So that’s a description of the video, it is general. And besides, it’s … it continues, that is to say, it still speaks of the passé composé and the imperfect. Okay ? So, another sentence. So, in the next sentence, we will
see that we can use … in some cases, we can use the passé composé or the imperfect. So we will see immediately the phrase “it was sunny on Monday in Paris? “. I ask a question to a friend who went to to Paris last week for example, “was it beautiful on Monday in Paris? “. I can use the past tense, but I can also say “It was beautiful on Monday in Paris?”,
So here both are possible because … well, it will change the meaning a bit. If I say, “it was sunny Monday,” I
the consider it more as a specific action. And “it was fine Monday in Paris,”
I think about all day. So it changes a little, but … So there,
So it’s important to understand that occasionally, one can use both
and it slightly changes the meaning, Okay? Good. So, to understand something, uh
the opposite examples are very effective. So I’ll give you an opposite example
“I watched TV when everything suddenly – ‘tout à coup’ it is suddenly
– Fabien was coming in. For me it is so unnatural that
I have difficulty to use, to even say it! So Fabien was coming in. So this is quite incorrect,
it is impossible because it is the opposite. So: “I watched the TV when
Fabien suddenly was coming in. ” We must say : ” I was watching TV “. Because there
I describe the situation, how the situation was the situation at that time, but more
the decor. “I was watching TV and when all
of a sudden – a punctual action, the main action interests us here – Fabien entered”. Okay ? Well, it must be absolutely imperfect, and after, the passé composé. Okay ? So here is. Uh, I think I explained it as well as
possible, but now it is very important you to do at least one exercise. So I suggest you click on the link
which is under the video or perhaps even on the video and to absolutely do the exercise that I offer you, so choosing between imperfect and passé composé. To practice. So in addition, therefore on the… on the blog you’ll find the transcript and the podcast of this video, that you can listen to
later in the street if you want, by while taking a stroll, etc. Good. So especially do not forget not to sign up for my free course. I did a course but not a short course
eh, a good course, a great TEFL course – of French as a foreign language – with six lessons, each lesson one video with the transcription, with the PDF, with exercises where I’m talking about how to improve your speaking, your writing,
your comprehension, grammar, pronunciation and I explain a lot of important things
and there are exercises. So, really enjoy this free course,
I’ll also put the link below or on the video and if you go to the blog, anyway, you will find this free course. To register, so normally it will be in the
top right, you’ll see, there is “Free French lessons “. So, there are
thousands of people who have already used it and they are very happy. So, really, enjoy it if you have not already used it. Especially, do not forget that you
are very strong, you’re the best and that you’ll learn French, that you are
making progress already. See you soon!