Steve Stine Guitar Lesson – #1 Tip to Learn Guitar Songs Faster (Ear Training Tip)

(rock music) (soft guitar music) – Steve Stine from Guitar Zoom here, I want to thank you for all the comments that you’ve been giving
from the last video. Where we started talking about some basic, fundamental, chordal theory. Its really important that
we start learning how to do those things to make our lives easier when it comes to learning songs. Songs, other than from a
technical standpoint possibly, songs shouldn’t be a chore,
they should be fun for you to play. So if you’ve got a really
complicated song over there, that you’re working on then
you need to find a couple of easier songs over
here so you’re developing different things, every
song shouldn’t be about your technique, sometimes
you need to have songs that are more about your
ability of being able to create on a musical level,
not just on a technical level. So that’s very important. So in the first video what
we did was we talked about trying to put together a
one and a four and a five chord progression, and
started understanding that its really important that
we learn that there really isn’t a difference for
us as guitar players, between the key of g and the
key of a and the key of d. We wanna learn how to hear
the sounds of a one and a four and a five and various
other chords as well. So as we’re listening to a
song we can already start figuring out how the song
goes before we ever even touch the guitar, it’s really
important to be able to do that. Again, for me I’ve been teaching
for over twenty-five years now, I don’t even know how long it’s been, it’s been a long time though. And this is one of those
things that a lot of people, they tend to pull back when
you start talking about ear-training and how to
develop your ability to hear sounds and hear pitches
and hear how they relate to other pitches, to develop
that ear-training ability. And I can’t stress enough how
important it is to do that because it saves me so much time. When I’m gonna learn how to teach a song, you know I might be doing
a thirty minute lesson, and somebody comes in and
says, hey I wanna learn how to play whatever. (click, click, click, clIck) you gotta be able to figure
that song out in no time flat, or you go out to a club and
there’s people out there that say, hey we want you
to get up and play with us, we know these songs, and you
don’t know any of those songs so you go what key is this
in and what chords does it use and whatever, whatever and
then you start to kind of, formulating in your head
what you’re gonna do so when they call you up,
you’re already ready to go. Or it might be a performance
situation where you’re gonna be jamming with some people, or you’re gonna try out for a
band or something like that. The quicker you’re able
to access the situation, with the song that you’re
gonna play or the songs you’re going to play and
be able to come up with the correct answer, the more people tend to
want to play with you, and so I really want
you to think about that. So one of the concepts
that I’m going to teach you how to do in your training made easy, is to start learning how
to think about pitches by using your sixth string to
figure out how the song goes. Now let’s say for instance
I’m gonna have my wonderful videographer, what he’s
gonna do is he’s gonna blank this out, I’m gonna
play a chord progression, but the screen is gonna be
black so you can’t see it. Okay? And what I want you to do
is I want you to listen to the chords that I’m playing, are you ready? Alright, so the screen goes
black and I’m gonna play. (guitar music) And now the screen comes
back on and you don’t know what I did, but you were able
to hear the sounds of chords. So what you would need to learn how to do for effective ear-training
is to be able to analyze in your head, how many different
chords did you just hear? Not how many different
changes, but how many different colors, how many different
chords did you hear? The second question is what
direction did those colors move? Did they move down? Did they move up? When did they move down? When did they move up? And you start learning
how to train your mind and train your ear to hear those sounds. Okay, now we’re gonna
black out the screen again and I’m gonna play the same thing again and I want you to be listening
for this, are you ready? So here we go, screen is
black, you cannot see me, haha here we go. (guitar music) And the screen comes back on, and now you have to ask yourself again, how many different chordal
sounds did you hear? Right, and what direction did they move? This is where the sixth string
becomes absolutely imperative because you have, the
sixth string I should say, I’m not sure if that’s what I
said but you have six strings, you have all these frets but the truth is, its the same pitches over
and over and over again. So what I train people how to
do is to use that sixth string to figure out how their chord
progression is gonna go. Lets bypass major sounds and
minor sounds for right now, let’s not worry about sevenths
and ninths and everything like that, let’s just focus
on what chords were actually being played, when I played
that chord progression? Okay, so, for instance, again
I’m gonna black out the screen for a second and I’m gonna play a chord and then we’re gonna
come back, just one chord so here we go, black out the screen. (guitar music) now bring the screen back on,
now that sound has got to be (plays guitar) one of those twelve notes
between zero and twelve, no matter what chord is ever
played in the history of music, it has to be one of those
twelve notes, as a root. Okay, so again the chord could
be major, minor, whatever we’ll get there that’s
another step but the first step is we need to figure
out, what was that chord? So again back out the
screen please, here we go. (guitar music) And come back on, so now
what you do is you go to your sixth string. (plays guitar) And you’d figure out that sound, now the way I used to do
this when I was younger, I had records, some of you
might know what a record is, I would take that needle
and I would listen to, not the entire song, but I would listen to just the very beginning of it, and I would get a riff, not five riffs because that’s too many, my
brain couldn’t absorb that idea. I would take one or two
or maybe three different chord progressions, chord changes,
and I would listen to it and if it got to be more
than that then I would stop and I’d put the needle back
and I’d listen to it again, and then I’d listen to it again and I’d get the sound in my head. and then id go to my guitar and I’d figure out what I’d just heard. So, ear training isn’t just
about knowing how to play your chords and things like
that, although you need to know that, it’s about being able to identify sometimes it’s theory,
sometimes it’s a one and a five and whatever like we talked
about in the last video. In this video what we’re
doing is we’re talking about absolute sound, not a one and
a five and a four and a six and all those kind of things from theory. But from ear training, from
just core ear training. So again let me black
the screen one more time, here we go black it out. (guitar music) Okay, now you know that
your first chord is this, (playing guitar) because you figured out a
note, now again it takes time to develop that and we’re
gonna talk about that in this course, okay? So I develop that, now I have to decide did the
sound go up or down from there? (playing guitar) so your answer would have been, how many different chords are there? There are three, there
are multiple changes, but there are only three chords, this one, and this one, and this one. So then the second thing
is, is once you’ve, or the third thing, the first
thing is figuring out the root, the second thing is figuring
out the direction that it’s moving and then the third
thing is, is figuring out the pattern, it’s moving down, and then it’s moving back up. Down, down, up, up. So you see you start learning
directional things as well, okay, so regardless of what anybody says, people will say, hey you
don’t need music theory to learn how to play
guitar, yeah you don’t. You don’t need a pick, you
don’t need all your fingers, you don’t need all your strings, there’s a million things
you don’t need, right? What I’m telling you is, is
music theory, fundamental basic music theory and ear
training can make your life significantly easier when you’re trying to learn how to play songs. In the first video we
learned that basic theory can help us in our ear training
so that when we hear songs that we don’t know how to play, we can identify the chord changes. Now what we’re doing is we’re learning, what I call street theory,
which is being able to hear the movements by our ear
training, not by theory, but by our ear training,
by visualization, right? We find the note that matches
the root that we’re hearing, by proper listening and
we’re gonna talk about that. We apply that and then we keep
learning how direction works, directional movement, does
it go down, does it go up? How does it move? Okay, what distance does
it sound like it moves? We practice things like that, so that’s the next step that
I want you to start working on a little but, is as
you’re listening to songs, maybe go to a punk song, right? I used to love using punk
songs, if you like punk music, you can use blues music, basic blues music don’t get crazy. Find songs that don’t move
very fast, medium tempo, find songs that use minimal
amounts of chord changes. So if you go to a Ramoene
song for the most part, it’s not gonna hve a lot of changes, your gonna go to a B.B. king
song or something like that. It’s not gonna have a lot
of changes, if you go to an old, early Beatles song or
an early Rolling Stones song or something like that, again,
not a lot of chord changes. Their goal wasn’t to (playing guitar) make five hundred chord
changes, it was to play music. So you can use those as a
great example for trying to figure out how to develop
the basic foundation of ear training. Again, that’s why we’re here. Again I’m gonna ask you go
ahead and make a comment, let’s talk about these things, you can go to the FaceBook community page, we can discuss these
ear training elements, and next video we’re gonna
get a little bit further into this ear training, we’re
gonna dive in a little bit further and I’m gonna
give you some more tools to try and use, so take
care and practice hard.