Steve Stine Guitar Lesson – Learn Ear Training with Guitar Chords

(rock music) (guitar playing) – Hey, Steve Stine from GuitarZoom here. I am really excited to share with you my ear training made
easy fundamentals course. In this thing, what I’m gonna be doing is I’m explaining to you how to
make your life so much easier when it comes to learning
other people’s material or even writing your own
songs and using those formulas that make songs really popular. So the first thing I wanna do here is I wanna talk to you a little
bit about chordal theory, which is in the course, and basic fundamental ear training, okay? When we look at the guitar,
we’re always thinking things like G, and C, and D,
and E minor, and A minor, and you know, F, and all
these different things, and of course, we need
to know those chords to be able to effectively play guitar. But the truth is, there’s a
deeper level that’s happening that we want to learn how to do, and I’m gonna show you how to do this, where you take chords
like G, and C, and D, for instance, which is what we refer
to as a one, four, five chord progression in the key of G and I’m gonna teach you all about that. But on a deeper level, what
I’m gonna teach you how to do is to be able to hear
the sounds of a one chord or a four quarter of five chord or even the minor, the six chord, E minor, in this case. So that way, when you’re
listening to music, you’re not just gonna be
thinking about a G, or a D, or E minor or something. You’re gonna be able to start listening and hearing actual chord
theory in the background. And I show my daughter how
to do this all the time. We might be driving in the vehicle and a song would come on
the radio, and I’ll go, Okay, that’s a one chord, that’s a five chord, okay now it’s going to the sixth chord. You can hear those changes. Music pitches are almost like color of a color palette, for
instance, and so you can train yourself how to actually
hear different pitches. Now, there’s two ways of approaching that. The first way is be able to hear what we refer to as absolute pitch. I used to go to school,
go to college with a girl that had absolute pitch,
and what she could do, you could go to a piano and you could play a note on the piano. She have her head turned and
you could play that note, she’d tell you what it was. Well, most people on the planet
don’t have perfect pitch. I certainly do not have perfect pitch. I have what we refer to as relative pitch, and what that means is if you
play a chord, I can tell you whether or not that
chord is major or minor, and when it moves to another chord, I can tell you where it went. If it went from the one
chord to the fourth chord, or the five chord to the three
chord, or whatever it is. I can hear those chord changes, and that’s what I want
to teach you how to do. And this is really, really
important to learn how to do. Let me give you an example. When I was younger, I was teaching. I had this awesome
guitar student that used to take lessons from me and
he was a huge punk rock fan. So every week, he would
come in for a lesson and he would learn these punk tunes. You know, learn The
Ramones, New York Dolls, and all kinds of different things. And every week, when he would come in, the songs that he was learning were the same style chord progressions, the same theory I’m telling you about, from week, after week, after week. You know, punk bands don’t write songs that sound like Rush, right? They write songs that are in the genre that their music is in. So I would always try
approaching him and say Hey, I’m gonna teach you
how to play this song but not only do I wanna teach
you how to play that song, I also want to teach you
the theory behind it. That way, when you go home,
you don’t have to wait for me to teach you how to play this song. You could learn it yourself. You could listen to the song and go Oh, I think it’s a one to
a five or one to a four, or whatever it might be. And so I worked on him and
I taught him how to do that and it was amazing because all
of the sudden, you could see that he’d be listening to
a song and he’d be able to kind of pick out what it was. So he’d go to a Green Day
song, or whatever it might be, and he starts playing it, right, that’s what I want to teach you how to do. It’s gonna save you so
much time in the long run because you can anticipate where the chords change
are actually going. And that’s the ear training element. It’s not only that you’re
gonna learn the theory behind the chords and
the chord progressions, but you’re actually gonna
start developing your ear to be able to anticipate
what that next chord changes is going to be, okay? So for this video, what
I want you do to is I want you to try and focus
on getting comfortable with just thinking about some
basic one four five ideas, like playing a G which is a
one quarter in the key of G, a four chord which is the C chord, and the five chord which is the D chord. And I want you just to
start learning how to play those chords and listen to the sounds they create. And then notice how it
wants to go back to the one. So once you start exploring
those sounds, think about all the songs that you
can hear in your head and how you could start kind of developing those three chords that
I’m playing right there. You could start sort of playing those. (guitar playing) And there’s just a million
songs of all in there, so what I did there was, I went from the one which was G, to the four which was C, back to the one which was G, and then to the five which was D, and then resolved it
back to the one, okay? So now, let’s take that same
idea and now let’s convert that same one, four, one,
five, one chord progression to a different key. Let’s try the key of A, for instance. Now, the one, four, five
which we’ll talk about in the course is A, D, and E. That’s a one, four, five in the key of A. So now, I’m gonna play A. (guitar playing) Four One Five. And the more you, you don’t just play, but you actually listen
to the sounds of those. Eventually, what happens is
you don’t think about things in terms of A, and D,
and E, or G, and C and D. You start thinking about them
in terms of the one, the four and the five, and the sounds
that they’re actually creating. So, when you go to listen to
a song, you’re gonna be able to identify those with
your relative pitch. You’re gonna be able to hear and go Oh, that’s one, and it’s going to a four. It’s just awesome. Then, all I do is, once I
figure that out in my head, I’ll go to my guitar, figure
out which one’s my one, and we’re gonna talk that
too, how to figure that out. So, I figure out where my one is. Oh, it’s a G. Boom, I’m playing the song. So, the next video,
what we’re gonna do is, we’re gonna expand upon
this idea of ear training where we’ll get a little
bit more elaborate with it. So, practice hard, think about this theory thing
a little bit and how important it’s gonna be, and how
much it can help you in your future productivity
of your guitar playing. And please, please, please, please, please comment below if you want to. You can go to our Facebook community page and you can discuss this and
I’ll help you along the way, but think about it start
developing this a little bit. Theory does not have to
be overly involved in it. It doesn’t have to be complicating and it doesn’t have to be scary. And it can be very, very, very useful because for me, it’s kind of
like having the ability of, I’m gonna build a house,
right, so I think about all the materials I need to
be able to build that house. I can start building the house and then go Boy, I guess I need some nails, right? Theory, chordal theory,
basic fundamentals theory, gives me the ability to
listen to a song that I want to learn how to play, or think about the chord
progression that I want in my song writing and start kind of mapping
out what I want to do, and mapping is the next thing we’re gonna be talking about. So, think about these things. Ponder them a little bit, and then let’s discuss them and I’ll see you in the next video.